The geography of Peru is one of them more complex and diverse. Peru is placed in the central and western part of South America (UTM N7970840.422; E552505.422; ZONE 19). There is shaped by a territory of a continental surface of 1.285.215,60 km ² of surface, which represents 0.87 % of the planet, That distribute in region costeña 136.232,85 km ² (10,6 %), Andean region 404.842,91 km ² (31,5 %) and Amazonian region 754.139,84 km ² (57,9 %); the north end of the Peruvian territory the river is Putumayo to 0º02 ‘ 00 ” south latitude, the southern end is on the banks of the sea in Tacna to 18º21 ‘ 03 ” south latitude; the oriental end is in the river God’s Heathen Madre to 68º39 ‘ 00 ” length west and the western end one finds in Top Balconies in Piura to 81°19 ‘ 35 “.
The highest beak of Peru is the Huascarán in the White Mountain chain, with a height of 6.768 msnm; the deepest zone is Cotahuasi’s cannon, even overcoming to the famous Cannon of the Colorado; the longest river of Peru is the river Ucayali (tributary of the Amazon with 1.771km of length; the highest lake of the world is the Lake Titicaca in Puno/Bolivia with 8.380 km ² and the biggest island of the Peruvian littoral is The Island The St Lawrence in Callao with 16.48 km ². It is the biggest third country of South America. He would exercise sovereignty on a part of the Antarctica due to the projection of his coasts, but claimant did not declare himself country.
Geologically, Peru is a young country largely of his territory. 42 % of his surface, the Andean system and the coast, arose in the Age Mesozoica, it does 130 to 65 million years, product of the tectonic raisings provoked by the subduction of the plate of Is born in the South American plate.
It gets up on a territory affected by subduction of the oceanic plate of Be born under the continental South American. The intensity of the shock between both masses produced, from the Tertiary Age the mountain chain of the Andes, the spectacular one and the practically only mountainous system that structures the country in three geographical very different regions between yes: coast, saw or mountain and jungle.
Weather & Climate of Peru
Peru boasts one of South America’s top attractions in Machu Picchu. The country also features numerous other destinations spread across three climatic zones. With the Amazon rainforest, the Andes Mountains and the South Pacific Ocean all hemmed into its borders, Peru stands out as one of the more geographically diverse nations in the continent. These dramatically different landscapes also make for distinct weather conditions. Travelers should plan their trips to Peru based on the time of year and the region in order to ensure a safe and enjoyable experience.
Peru’s seasons run opposite of those in the northern hemisphere. The country’s location in the southern hemisphere means that summer technically lasts from December to February, while winter spans June to August. Temperatures tend to drop slightly in the winter, but the primary shift in Peru’s annual climate is the change in precipitation. Of course, conditions depend greatly on the particular region.
Peru’s Andean highlands encompass major attractions, such as Cusco, Machu Picchu and Lake Titicaca. Winter is the dry season here, running from June to August. Mild daytime temperatures give way to chilly nights, and the lack of precipitation makes this an ideal period to visit the area. Summer brings on wet conditions from December through February and March. Heavy rainfall blankets the mountains, causing occasional mudslides and greatly diminishing the flow of tourist traffic.
The coastal desert of Peru sprawls along the South Pacific Ocean. Destinations like the Nazca Lines and Arequipa lie to the south, while the capital of Lima dominates the central coast. Trujillo and the beach town of Mancora sit in the northern reaches of the country. December to April constitutes summer on the Peruvian coast. Summer conditions are hot and arid, ideal for swimming and beach activities. Winter shifts gears as the shoreline becomes shrouded in sea mist and intermittent pockets of rain. The northern coast remains pleasant all year round, whereas Lima and the southern coast feature mostly cloudy weather from May until September.
Peru’s coast also experiences occasional El Niño events. This phenomenon generally occurs around Christmas. Warm ocean currents mix with increased air pressure in an abrupt reversal of atmospheric and sea conditions. This oceanic upheaval produces heavy rains and major climate shifts conducive to isolated droughts. Occasional tremors and earthquakes are not uncommon either.
The Peruvian Amazon ranks as the most consistent of the three climatic zones. The interior swaths of jungle feature humid, tropical conditions year round. Travelers can expect sticky heat and regular rainfall no matter what season they visit. However, even the Amazon has slightly different winter and summer weather. April through October is the “dry winter” season, with relatively less precipitation and lower river levels. Andean Travel Web recommends this as the best time to go to the Amazon. The wet summer season spans November to March, bringing on torrential downpours at frequent intervals.
Peak tourist season in Peru lasts from May through October, according to Frommer’s Travel Guide. This spike in tourism derives from the dry climate in the Andes, home to Machu Picchu and Lake Titicaca. Dry weather means optimal conditions for hiking the Inca Trail and exploring the region’s myriad other treasures. Tourism also picks up briefly around Christmas and the New Year. Travelers can anticipate higher prices and larger crowds during these two annual periods.
Current Peruvian Coins
The Nuevo Sol is subdivided into 100 Centimos. Coins have been issued for 5 Centimos, 10 Centimos, 20 Centimos, 50 Centimos, S/. 1, S/. 2 and S/. 5. The abbreviation “S/.” stands for Nuevo Sol. For each nomination you find a second page with details and images to make sure you quickly feel comfortable with this “strange” money.
Monetary Systems in Peru
Peru had since 1897 four main monetary systems. The first one was the Libra Peruana de Oro (Peruvian Gold Pound) that was in circulation as legal tender from 1897. In 1930 followed a new currency called the Sol de Oro (Golden Sun). Due to high inflation the currency of the era of Republican Peru was abandoned in 1985 and the Inti introduced. The bad economic state of Peru and terrorism in the late 1980s forced the Inti to lose its value very quickly.