About Cusco

The currently Cusco has lots of titles, which have been attributed by history, archeology, anthropology and architecture of the city:

  • Cusco Cultural Heritage of Humanity
  • Cusco Archaeological Capital of America
  • Historical Capital of Peru Cusco
  • Cusco Navel of the World


Altitude: 3400 m.s.n.m.

Population of the province of Cusco: 305.789 inhabitants (estimated at 2002)

Location: Cusco. It is situated in the south of Peru covering mountain and forest areas, has an area of 76.329 square kilometers and a population of over one million inhabitants.

In the highlands the seasons are divided into wet and dry period from December to March is the rainy season. the average annual temperature is 11 º C, while in the jungle areas, exceeds 25 º C.

History of Cusco (Cuzco)

The city of Cusco since its inception and throughout its history, has figured prominently in the cultural development of Peru. Founded between the eleventh and twelfth centuries, Cusco became the capital of the Inca Empire and was the hub of the vast territorial expansion Tahuantinsuyo. The Spanish Foundation of Cusco took place in March 1534, ordered by Francisco Pizarro.

During the Viceroyalty Inca foundations were built on large houses, towering churches and convents with a profusion of art inside.

Hispanic Cultural Andean Fusion in Cusco is manifested in its most intense, both through its architecture and its population, who proudly preserve their traditional customs. To this is joined by a wonderful natural environment. Visit Cusco is by all this an unforgettable experience.

Among the great variety of tourism resources has come on the landscape of cultural, adventure and fun esoteric. Cusco has a good infrastructure in terms of leisure, with a lot of restaurants, pubs and nightclubs that make the night more attractive Cusco for tourists.